Miss World is the oldest running international beauty pageant. It was created in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in In , Eric Morley organised a bikini contest as part of the Festival of Britain celebrations that he called the Festival Bikini Contest. The swimsuit competition was intended as a promotion for the bikini  which had only recently been introduced onto the market, and which was still widely regarded as immodest.
When the Miss World pageant winner, Kerstin "Kiki" Hakansson from Sweden, was crowned in a bikini, it added to the controversy. The pageant was originally planned as a Pageant for the Festival of Britain, but Eric Morley decided to make the Miss World pageant an annual event.
Morley announced the Miss World winners in the order No. This keeps the tension up and avoids the anticlimax if Nos. In , the BBC started broadcasting the pageant. The pageant's popularity grew with the advent of television. During the s and s, Miss World would be among the most watched programs of the year on British television. In the s, the pageant repositioned itself with the slogan Beauty With a Purpose , with added tests of intelligence and personality.
During the early s, there was a decline in the popularity of mainstream television broadcasts of the event after it became "increasingly unfashionable" in the late s. The pageant returned on satellite channel Sky One in ,  before moving to Channel 5 for three years — Eric Morley died in , and his wife, Julia, succeeded as chairwoman of the Miss World organisation.
As part of its marketing strategy, Miss World came up with a "Vote For Me" television special during that edition, featuring the delegates behind the scenes and on the beach, and allowing viewers to either phone in or vote online for their favourites.
It also sells its Talent, Beach Beauty and Sports events as television specials to broadcasters. In the pageant was slated for Abuja , the capital city of Nigeria to host its final.
This choice was controversial, as a northern Nigerian woman, Amina Lawal , was awaiting death by stoning for adultery under Sharia law there, but Miss World chose to use the publicity surrounding its presence to bring greater global awareness and action to Lawal's plight see Controversies section. The Miss World Organization owns and manages the annual Miss World Finals, a competition that has grown into one of the world's biggest.
In the year leading up the finals in Nigeria, several European title holders lobbied their governments and the EU parliament to support Amina Lawal 's cause. There was further controversy over the possibly suspended participation of France and South Africa, which may or may not have been due to the boycott. Despite the increasing international profile the boycott was garnering in the world press, the contest went ahead in Nigeria after being rescheduled to avoid taking place during Ramadan, with many prominent nations sending delegates.
Osmel Sousa of Venezuela, one of the world's most influential national directors, famously said "there is no question about it the participation of Miss Venezuela in the contest. A ThisDay Lagos , Nigeria newspaper editorial suggesting that Muhammad would probably have chosen one of his wives from among the contestants had he been alive to see it, resulted in inter-religious riots that started on 22 November in which over people were killed in the city of Kaduna , along with many houses of worship being burned by religious zealots.
A fatwa urging the beheading of the woman who wrote the offending words, Isioma Daniel , was issued in Nigeria, but was declared null and void by the relevant Saudi Arabian authorities. In Miss World , protests by Islamic groups began a few weeks before the contest began, resulting in the pageant's finale and all pre-pageant activities being isolated to Hindu-majority Bali.
Anastasia Lin , Miss World Canada , was not given visa to travel in China and hence missed the official deadline of 20 November for entry to the Miss World pageant, and was declared persona non grata by the Chinese Embassy in Ottawa since she openly criticized China's human rights violations. Miss World Vanessa Ponce Mexico. Miss World Manushi Chhillar India. Miss World Mireia Lalaguna Spain. Miss World Megan Young Philippines. Miss World Ivian Sarcos Venezuela. Miss World Kaiane Aldorino Gibraltar.
Miss World Ksenia Sukhinova Russia. Miss World Zhang Zilin China. Miss World Rosanna Davison Ireland. Miss World Azra Akin Turkey. Miss World Agbani Darego Nigeria. Miss World Priyanka Chopra India. Miss World Yukta Mookhey , India. Miss World Linor Abargil , Israel.
Miss World Diana Hayden , India. Miss World Jacqueline Aguilera , Venezuela. Miss World Aishwarya Rai , India. Miss World Lisa Hanna , Jamaica. Miss World Penelope Plummer , Australia.
Miss World Catharina Lodders , Netherlands. Miss World Norma Cappagli , Argentina. Miss World Marita Lindahl , Finland. Miss World Denise Perrier , France. The winner of these events, called "fast track" competitions, automatically make it into the quarter or semifinals of Miss World. Miss World Top Model was added in Miss World Multimedia was added in This event allowed the Miss World delegates over to have a chance of being in the semifinals. The winner goes on to make the semifinals automatically.
In , the organisation eliminated the swimsuit competition from the pageant. The Beauty with a Purpose is an event established in that is celebrated during the activities prior to the Miss World pageant. Since the winner automatically makes the quarter finals. Miss World Talent is a talent or fast track competition in the Miss World pageant, in which a number of contestants show their abilities in singing, dancing, poetry, etc.
The award returned at Miss World Being a Miss World doesn't just require a person to be beautiful, but also exceptionally smart and a good human being. It has been held since ; the winner of the competition automatically qualifies for the semifinals.
The following is a list Miss World hosts and invited artists through the years. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For this year's competition, see Miss World.
For other uses, see Miss World disambiguation. United Kingdom. Main article: Miss World For full list and details, see List of Miss World titleholders. Main article: Beauty with a Purpose.
This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it. Guardian Liberty Voice. Retrieved 26 January Retrieved 24 May The New York Times.
Retrieved 11 October Archived from the original on 15 February Nigerian News from Leadership News. Archived from the original on 22 December Retrieved 3 January Retrieved 7 January Beauty Queen. Chronicle Books. Making Miss India Miss World. Syracuse University Press. Pageant: The Beauty Contest. Selvedge Ltd. Surfing USA! MVP Books. Retrieved 22 August Beauty with a Purpose.
Retrieved 8 June The Bloomsbury Dictionary of Popular Phrases. London: Bloomsbury. BBC News. Retrieved 9 October Retrieved 8 March Retrieved 18 February